OYSTER MUSHROOM (PLEUROTUS OSTREATUS)
The oyster mushroom is so called because of its similarity to the shell of an oyster. He also reminds some of the taste of veal, which is why the oyster mushroom is also called veal mushroom. The Latin name Pleurotus is derived from the Greek Pleuron, which translates to “Lateral” and refers to the lateral growth of the fruiting bodies on the substrate or on the tree trunks, which this fungus likes to infect.
ADVANTAGES, NUTRITION AND USE
Just like the Shiitake, the oyster mushrooms contain a lot of vitamins, especially those of the vitamin B complex (B1, B2, B5, B6 and B7). These B vitamins, which are usually ingested through the consumption of meat products, are involved in the generation and conversion of energy in human metabolism. In addition, a quarter of the dry mass of oyster mushrooms consists of proteins. As a result, the intake of pleurotus mushrooms can be considered a full meat substitute.
Because oyster mushrooms are very low in calories and almost fat-free, contain a multitude of essential amino acids and folic acid and, like the shiitake, also provide vitamin D, the result is a much healthier food intake than meat products. The fruiting bodies of oyster mushrooms contain the cholesterol-lowering lovastatin. When taking dried or fresh oyster mushrooms, the cholesterol level in the blood is lowered and the expensive pharmaceutical preparations can be dispensed with.
The cholesterol-lowering property is also attributed to other pleurotus species (such as the herb mushroom), but above all to many wild mushrooms. Another important ingredient in the oyster mushrooms is the pleuran. Similar to the lentinan in Shiitake, Pleuran activates the immune system and thus causes the organism to be more resistant to various infections. Oyster mushrooms continue to have a probiotic effect and stabilize the bacterial balance of the intestinal mucosa. This is particularly useful after antibiotic treatment to restore proper gastrointestinal digestion. The high fiber content in the mushroom supports this probiotic effect. Oyster mushrooms have long been used in traditional Chinese medicine and are said to help against thrombosis, joint and muscle pain, osteoporosis, prostate, breast and colon cancer.
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