Oyster Mushroom from Pilzwerk

Oyster Mushroom

OYSTER MUSHROOM (PLEUROTUS OSTREATUS)

The oyster mushroom is so called because of its similarity to the shell of an oyster. He also reminds some of the taste of veal, which is why the oyster mushroom is also called veal mushroom. The Latin name Pleurotus is derived from the Greek Pleuron, which translates to “Lateral” and refers to the lateral growth of the fruiting bodies on the substrate or on the tree trunks, which this fungus likes to infect.

 

ADVANTAGES, NUTRITION AND USE

Just like the Shiitake, the oyster mushrooms contain a lot of vitamins, especially those of the vitamin B complex (B1, B2, B5, B6 and B7). These B vitamins, which are usually ingested through the consumption of meat products, are involved in the generation and conversion of energy in human metabolism. In addition, a quarter of the dry mass of oyster mushrooms consists of proteins. As a result, the intake of pleurotus mushrooms can be considered a full meat substitute.

Because oyster mushrooms are very low in calories and almost fat-free, contain a multitude of essential amino acids and folic acid and, like the shiitake, also provide vitamin D, the result is a much healthier food intake than meat products. The fruiting bodies of oyster mushrooms contain the cholesterol-lowering lovastatin. When taking dried or fresh oyster mushrooms, the cholesterol level in the blood is lowered and the expensive pharmaceutical preparations can be dispensed with.

The cholesterol-lowering property is also attributed to other pleurotus species (such as the herb mushroom), but above all to many wild mushrooms. Another important ingredient in the oyster mushrooms is the pleuran. Similar to the lentinan in Shiitake, Pleuran activates the immune system and thus causes the organism to be more resistant to various infections. Oyster mushrooms continue to have a probiotic effect and stabilize the bacterial balance of the intestinal mucosa. This is particularly useful after antibiotic treatment to restore proper gastrointestinal digestion. The high fiber content in the mushroom supports this probiotic effect. Oyster mushrooms have long been used in traditional Chinese medicine and are said to help against thrombosis, joint and muscle pain, osteoporosis, prostate, breast and colon cancer.

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Nutrition information

These are only available on the desktop or tablet.

Approximate values:




Sources:

  • Stamets P.: Mycelium Running: How Mushrooms Can Help Save The World. Ten Speed Press. 2005
  • Stamets P.: Growing Gourmet and Medicinal Mushrooms. Ten Speed Press. 2000
  • United States Department of Agriculture, Agricultural Research Service: National Nutrient Database for Standard Reference Release. (http://www.usda.gov)
  • Ying J. et al.: Icons of medicinal fungi. Bijing. Science Press. 1987
  • Bobek P. et al.: Dose- and time-dependent hypocholesterolemic effect of oyster mushroom (Pleurotus ostreatus) in rats. Nutrition. 1998 Mar; 14(3): 282-286.
  • Bobek P. et al.: Effect of pleuran (beta-glucan from Pleurotus ostreatus) on the antioxidant status of the organism and on dimethylhydrazine-induced precancerous lesions in rat colon. British Journal of Biomedical Science. 2001; 58(3): 164-168.
  • Gunde-Cimerman N., Cimerman A.: Pleurotus fruiting bodies contain the inhibitor of 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl-coenzyme A reductase-lovastatin. Experimental Mycology. 1995 Mar; 19(1): 1-6.
  • Bergendiova K. et al.: Pleuran (ß-glucan from Pleurotus ostreatus) supplementation, cellular immune response and respiratory tract infections in athletes. European Journal of Applied Physiology. 2011 Sep; 111(9): 2033-2040.
  • Bobovcak M. et al.: Effect of Pleuran (ß-glucan from Pleurotus ostreatus) supplementation on cellular immune response after intensive exercise in elite athletes. Applied Physiology, Nutrition, and Metabolism. 2010 Dec; 35(6): 755-62.
  • Bobek P. et al.: Effect of oyster mushroom (Pleurotus ostreatus) on pathological changes in dimethylhydrazine-induced rat colon cancer. Oncology Reports. 1998 May-Jun; 5(3): 727-730.
  • http://mykowelt.com/austernseitling/
  • http://www.vitalpilzratgeber.de/pleurotus/